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Trigger points are tight hyperirritable spots found in the skeletal muscle. They develop in a muscle that has been injured or overworked They are defined as localized areas in which the muscle and connective tissue are highly sensitive to pain when compressed. Pressure on these points can send referred pain to other specific parts of the body. The pain is usually dull and aching with intensity ranging from low grade discomfort to severe, incapacitating pain. Low back pain, neck pain, sciatica and headaches usually have trigger points associated with them.
There are several factors responsible for the formation of trigger points.
Mechanical stress-this can be due to leg length imbalances
Postural stress-such as from sitting on the job, doing computer work,talking on the phone. Also sitting with slumped shoulders, in a chair without proper back support can cause trigger point formation in the neck and upper back.
Nutritional deficiences such as lack of Vitamins B1, B6 ,C and Mg , hypoglycemia, are some reasons for trigger point formation.
Vigorous physical activity-the weekend warriors, or your job may require repettitve motions or heavy physical activity.
Trigger point therapy involves location of the specific points. trigger points usually refer pain when compressed, so a point int he neck can cause pain down the shoulder or arm. Once the point is located a series of compression and release techniques are used to fix the offending point. Heat is also applied to increase blood flow to the area and flush out the lactic acid,which is the main component of the trigger point. Then the muscles are put through active range of motion to teach the body that active range of motion is available and encourage you to use full motion during daily activities.
The results and benefits of trigger point massage are releasing constricted areas in the muscles thus alleviating pain. You can experience a significant decrease in pain after just one treatment. When this therapy is used in conjunction with spinal manipulation the outcome of treatments for chronic injuries is much better