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Eighty percent of people suffer from back pain at some point in their lives. Back pain is the second most common reason for visits to the doctor's office, outnumbered only by upper-respiratory infections. In fact, it is estimated that low back pain affects more than half of the adult population each year and more than 10% of all people experience frequent bouts of low back pain.The susceptibility of the low back to injury and pain is due to the fact that the low back, like the neck, is a very unstable part of the spine As long as it is healthy and functioning correctly, the low back can withstand tremendous forces without injury.

The low back can withstand tremendous forces without injury. However, if the low back is out of adjustment or has weakened supporting muscles the simplest movements such, as taking a bag of groceries out of the trunk of their car, picking something up off the floor, or even simply bending down to pet the cat can cause a low back injury There are many different conditions that can result in low back pain, including: sprained ligaments, strained muscles, ruptured disks, trigger points and inflamed joints.

While sports injuries or accidents can lead to injury and pain, sometimes even the simplest movements, like picking up a pencil from the floor, can have painful results. In addition, conditions such as arthritis, poor posture, obesity, psychological stress and even kidney stones, kidney infections, blood clots, or bone loss can lead to pain.

Sprains, Strains and Spasms

This is commonly the source of low back pain among the weekend warriors. You know, the type who have very little physical activity during the week, but once the weekend arrives, they push themselves way too much. By the end of the weekend, they are lying flat on their back counting down the hours before they can get in to see their chiropractor. Overworking the muscles or ligaments of the low back can lead to small tears in the tissues, which then become painful, swollen and tight.

Stress

Whenever you become stressed, your body responds by increasing your blood pressure and heart rate, flooding your body with stress hormones and tightening up your muscles. When you are stressed all the time, the chronic tension causes your muscles to become sore, weak and loaded with trigger points. If you are stressed out all of the time and you have low back pain, it is important to do some relaxation exercises, such as deep breathing, as well as to get regular exercise.

Pregnancy

The extra weight  and protruding abdomen of pregnancy shift the center of gravity of the lower spine.  This also stretches the supporting abdominal muscles and ligaments putting more strain on the lower back.

Lifestyle

The muscles that support the spine and lower back need activity to stay strong.  If you don’t exercise, have a job that requires a lot of sitting, or come home from work and sit on the couch all night, these muscles will weaken over time.  This causes them to be more susceptible to injury.

Occupation

Jobs that require physical activity such as excessive lifting, bending and twisting cause repetitive stress on the muscles and overtime wear down the discs ,causing small tears which cause the disc material to leak out.  The pressure of a disc bulge on a nerve can cause back pain, leg pain, numbness in the legs and stiffness.  even sedentary jobs put stress on the back.  Sitting puts three times more pressure on the discs than standing or walking.  Combine this with the twisting motion office workers make all day and the same disc deterioration will occur.      

Treating Low Back Pain With Chiropractic

Chiropractic treatment for low back pain is usually pretty straightforward.It consists of relieving pain first than correcting and strengthening the injured muscles and supporting tissues.

Chiropractic for the low back has been repeatedly shown to be the most effective treatment for low back pain. In fact, major studies have shown that chiropractic care is more effective, cheaper and has better long-term outcomes than any other treatment. This makes sense because chiropractic care is the only method of treatment that serves to re-establish normal vertebral motion and position in the spine. All other treatments, such as muscle relaxants, pain killers and bed rest, only serve to decrease the symptoms of the problem and do not correct the problem itself.